Abp. of St Andrews and Primate of Scotland from 1547. He was one of the most influential opponents of Protestantism. He held synods to reform the morals of the clergy and the religious education of the laity; the chief result was the compilation of a catechism in the vernacular known by his name (1552). In 1560 he protested against the acceptance by Parliament of J. Knox's confession of faith. He was imprisoned in 1563, but released at the intervention of Queen Mary. After her flight he was pronounced a traitor and hanged.
Subjects: History — Christianity.