King of Babylon about 1728–1686 bce. He laid out the capital city which included a ziggurat which might have inspired the writer of the story of the Tower of Babel (Gen. 11: 4–9). The Code of Hammurabi is contained on a stele, now in the Louvre in Paris, and there are many resemblances between it and Hebrew laws such as the Ten Commandments and the lex talionis of Exod. 21: 23–5. Unlike the Hebrew laws, the Code prescribes capital punishment for crimes against property. See ethics.
Subjects: Biblical Studies.