(1804–77), Bavarian artist, lithographer, and photographer who trained at the Munich Academy (1819–25). In 1834 he founded a lithographic firm in Munich, but in 1835 transferred it to Dresden, where he acquired a reputation for executing old-master reproductions for the Saxon government. In 1845 he returned to Munich where, probably with Alois Löcherer, he learned photography. In 1852 he opened a studio with Moritz Lotze, specializing in portraits, and by 1853 had become court photographer. At the 1854 German Industry Exhibition in Munich he and Lotze also showed townscapes and photographs of the Munich exhibition building (Glaspalast) under construction. Hanfstaengl became internationally known for the method of negative retouching he unveiled at the 1855 Paris World Exhibition. In 1861 he joined the Société Française de Photographie. After publishing a series of celebrity portraits entitled Album of Contemporaries (1860–5) he began to withdraw from the business, transferring the management of the studio to his son Edgar (1842–1910), who concentrated increasingly on art reproductions.
From The Oxford Companion to the Photograph in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Photography and Photographs.