(b Budapest, 19 Apr. 1908; d Budapest, 30 Oct. 1974)
Hungarian dancer, choreographer, and ballet master. He studied at the Budapest State Opera Ballet School and in 1926 joined the company, becoming soloist in 1928. He was noted for his comic gifts and interpretations of character roles and from 1936 to 1974 (apart from two years as ballet master at La Scala Milan, 1939–41) he was the company's chief choreographer—effectively dominating Hungarian ballet for four decades. His style was a blend of classical and folk dance and his best-known ballets include The Wooden Prince (1939, revised 1958) and The Miraculous Mandarin (1945, revised 1956), both to Bartók's music. He also worked in a wide variety of genres, including versions of the Polovtsian Dances from Prince Igor (mus. Borodin, 1938, revised 1961), Romeo and Juliet (mus. Tchaikovsky, 1939), Le Tricorne (mus. de Falla, 1947), Coppélia (mus. Delibes, 1953), and Scheherazade (mus. Rimsky-Korsakov, 1959), and also choreographed extensively for film and television. He was made Eminent Artist of the Hungarian Republic, 1957, and awarded Gold Medal of Socialist Labour, 1966. His son, also named Gyula Harangozó followed him as a dancer and director.