American architect. After he built an apartment-block on West 55th Street, NYC, called The Vancorlear (1879), he was commissioned by the head of the Singer Sewing Machine Co. to design a housing development to include luxury apartments, lower-middle-class apartments, and some terrace houses (1880–6): part of this scheme (in an eclectic style) is now the Dakota Apartments, Eighth Avenue. Thereafter he specialized in large and luxurious hotels, including the Waldorf (1893— destroyed), Astoria (1896—destroyed), Martinique (1897), and Plaza (1907—altered), all in NYC, and the Windsor, Montréal, Canada (1903), Willard, Washington, DC (1906), and Copley Plaza, Boston, MA (1912).
ARe, vi (1897), 335–75 and xliv (1918), 91–3;Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, xxxiv/1 (Mar. 1975), 19–36