(d. 324 bc),
Macedonian noble and boyhood friend of Alexander 2 the Great, enjoyed high favour after Alexander's accession. He deserted the expedition shortly before the battle of Issus (333) but was reinstated in 331 and placed over the central treasuries of the empire. Based at Babylon, he controlled the finances of the central satrapies and lived in regal style. On Alexander's return to the west he fled to mainland Greece, where his presence was disruptive. Admitted into Athens in summer 324, he was arrested and his moneys sequestered on the Acropolis. He escaped amidst accusations of bribery (which eventually ruined Demosthenes (2) and Demades) and took his mercenary army to Crete, where he was murdered.
Subjects: Classical Studies.