(b Munich, 1905; d Munich, 1963).
Ger. composer. Works perf. in 1930s but he withdrew from public life because of opposition to Nazi régime. After 1945 organized Musica Viva concerts of new works in Munich. His mus. is very much of its time, with marked polyphonic tendencies and showing traces of such varied influences as Bruckner, Berg, Stravinsky, and Blacher. Comp. 8 syms. (No.1 for cont. and orch. to text by Whitman) between 1936 and 1962; also 2 str. qts. (1933 and 1945–6); chamber opera Des Simplicius Simplicissimus Jugend (comp. 1934–5, prod. Cologne 1949); vn. conc.; pf. conc.; va. conc.