al- Hasan


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Ali (c. 599—661)

Muhammad (c. 570—632)




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(d. 669)

Muhammad's grandson, oldest son of Ali and Fatimah, and second imam in the Shii tradition. Forced by Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan to abdicate the role of caliph in his favor. After his abdication, many Shiis were terrorized and persecuted and Ali was vilified, leading numerous Shiis to favor Hasan's brother, Husayn, over Muawiyah as leader.

Subjects: Islam.

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