British archaeologist and internationally known Roman historian. Born in Shipston-on-Stour, he was educated at Winchester and later went up to New College, Oxford, and obtained a first-class degree in Moderations. In 1884 he went to Lancing College as a sixth-form master, developing an interest in Roman epigraphy in his leisure. In 1892 he was invited to return to Oxford and spent the next fifteen years as a senior student at Christ Church. Roman Britain became an increasing passion, and during vacations he travelled widely, visiting or directing excavations. In 1907 he was appointed Camden Professor of Ancient History with an official fellowship at Brasenose College. He was regularly in touch with many scholars abroad and when WW1 broke out it troubled him greatly. Following a cerebral haemorrhage in 1915 he died suddenly in 1919. Amongst his many publications were The Romanization of Roman Britain (1905, London: British Academy) and the posthumous The Roman occupation of Britain (1924, Oxford: Clarendon Press).
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology in Oxford Reference.