Syrian Islamist activist. Born in Hamah. Earned a law degree from the University of Damascus in 1961. Joined the Muslim Brotherhood in Hamah in the mid-1950s, quickly rising in its ranks. Was an active participant in the 1964 protests against secular rule in Hamah. Began to gain a reputation as an Islamic thinker in 1968 with the publication of his first book. In 1973 convinced the ulama to unite in their opposition to the secularist constitution, and was imprisoned for five years as a result. Wrote an eleven-volume exegesis of the Quran and a series of books on Sufism from his cell. Upon his release in 1978, left Syria for Jordan, living the remainder of his life in exile. Was removed from the Muslim Brotherhood leadership after the Syrian government's violent and effective repression of the movement in 1982.