South Carolina author, called “the last literary cavalier,” was known before the Civil War for his nature poetry. During the war he was too ill to serve in the army, and lived in poverty after his home was destroyed, but won fame for his martial lyrics. His fragile, charming poetry finds its best expression during the postwar period in his Legends and Lyrics (1872). He edited the poems of his friend Timrod (1873) with a pathetic and penetrating introduction, and wrote a life of H. S. Legaré (1878). His own Collected Poems was published in 1882.