George Edmund Haynes


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(1880–1960) George Haynes (husband of Elizabeth Ross Haynes) was a social scientist who was recognized as co-founder of the National Urban League. Born in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, he received a bachelor's degree from Fisk University and a master's degree from Yale University. In 1910 Haynes became the first Black graduate of the New York School of Philanthropy. He received a PhD in economics in 1912 and was the first Black person to earn a doctorate from Columbia University. He was the director of Negro Economics for the U.S. Department of Labor and director of the Department of Social Sciences at Fisk University. Haynes was a social activist during a period of great concern over the living conditions of Black people migrating to urban centers. While serving as a research fellow for the Bureau of Social Research of the Charity Organization Societies, he began doing research on migration. His research activities generated active involvement in associations to improve the working conditions of Black people. These reform efforts led to the 1911 founding, with Ruth Standish Baldwin, of the Committee on Urban Conditions Among Negroes. In 1920 this committee became the National Urban League. He published many articles in addition to his research on the effects of migration on black people, The Negro at Work in New York City (1912). See also “Notes on a Forgotten Black Social Worker and Sociologist: George Edmund Haynes,” Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare (1983), by I. Carlton LaNey, and Dictionary of American Negro Biography (1982), by R. W Logan and M. Winston.

From Encyclopedia of Social Work in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Social Work.

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