(1861–1940). British neurologist, born in London and educated at Charterhouse School and Trinity College, Cambridge. As a young man, he studied with Ewald Hering in Prague. Later he joined the London Hospital, becoming consulting physician. He is best known for his work with W. H. R. Rivers, Gordon Holmes, and others on sensation and the cerebral cortex and for his studies on aphasia, in which he cast doubt on the prevailing ideas regarding the cortical localization of speech. His concept of the schema—a flexible representation of past experience in memory—greatly influenced the British psychologist F. C. Bartlett. His books include Studies in Neurology, 2 vols. (1920) and Aphasia and Kindred Disorders of Speech, 2 vols. (1926).
From The Oxford Companion to the Mind in Oxford Reference.