A program that began in the United States under the administration of Lyndon Johnson in the 1960s, aimed at improving the physical and intellectual development of socioeconomically deprived infants and children by evaluating their progress in achieving developmental milestones, implemented by financial support for food and milk supplements in kindergartens, etc. Similar programs have operated for many years in Britain, other European Union nations, and Canada; most began before the American Head Start programs and have been less subject to interruption by funding cuts when the governing party has reduced its support. Evaluations have demonstrated the efficacy of such programs in enhancing development of learning and social skills. For details see http://www2.acf.dhhs.gov/programs/hsb/.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.