A procedure used to establish whether a person is healthy enough to undertake strenuous exercise. Its main objectives are to find out about the current state of fitness and any abnormalities likely to present a risk of sudden death or injury, and to detect any condition that would be seriously aggravated by exercise. Health screening may be relatively informal and consist of a self-report questionnaire. Medical screening is a more formal procedure carried out by a medically qualified person. Routine medical screening prior to sports participation is not common in the UK (except for boxing), but in the USA there is an increasing demand for medical certificates before people are allowed to participate in some sports and recreations.
Subjects: Medicine and Health.