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A courtier with King Benhadad at Damascus, who became king of Syria (Aram). When Elisha the prophet paid a visit to Damascus, King Benhadad sent Hazael to ask if he would recover from his illness. Elisha answered ambiguously (2 Kgs. 8: 10–13), giving Hazael to understand that the king would die and that Hazael would succeed him. He defeated Israel and Judah in battle (2 Kgs. 13: 3) but was himself defeated by the Assyrians in 841 and 837 bce under Shalmaneser III, and again by Adadnirari III about 805 bce, according to Assyrian inscriptions.

Subjects: Biblical Studies.

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