born in Santa Maura (Levkas) of Irish‐Greek parentage, educated in England. He worked as a journalist in Cincinnati and incurred scandal by living openly with a mulatto woman. He then lived in Martinique, an experience which produced Two Years in the French West Indies (1890) and a novel, Youma (1890). In 1890 he went to Japan, where he married a Japanese wife and spent the rest of his life. He published several works which vividly evoke the landscapes, mythology, and customs of his adopted country, including Glimpses of Unfamiliar Japan (1894), Out of the East (1895), and Japan: an attempt at interpretation (1904).