1 The amount of horizontal (lateral) displacement between two sides of a dip-slip fault, measured at right angles to the strike of the fault.
2 Lifting of earth due to frost (see frost heave test), overloading, swelling clay, etc.
3 Upwarp in the floor of a mine due to the floor being too weak to resist the forces resulting from the weight of the overlying rock on the adjacent, supporting pillars.
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