Louis-Philippe Hébert


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(1850–1917), Canada's national sculptor at the turn of the century. His monuments can be found from Halifax (Joseph Howe, 1904) to New Westminster (Simon Fraser, 1911), and especially in Ottawa (four monuments on Parliament Hill, 1884–1901), Quebec City (including seven figures and groups on the façade of the Quebec legislature, 1889–94), and Montreal (including de Maisonneuve, 1895; Mgr Bourget, 1902; and King Edward VII, 1914). He began as a carver of religious sculptures in wood for the cathedrals of Notre Dame in Ottawa and Montreal, among others; his first bronze monument was that of Charles de Salaberry in Chambly, Quebec, unveiled in 1881. Because of the absence of art foundries in Canada, he worked frequently in Paris. A superb technician and excellent portraitist, Hébert enhanced his monuments through the inclusion of allegorical figures and narrative reliefs. Early in his career he produced plaster statuettes of politicians and historical figures, sometimes related to his larger commissions, which were widely distributed. He later sculpted bronze statuettes drawn from the history of New France.

From The Oxford Companion to Canadian History in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: History of the Americas.