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(Arabic hijra, ‘exodus’, ‘migration’, or ‘breaking of ties’)

Muhammad's secret departure from Mecca in 622, accompanied by Abu Bakr, to live among the people of Yathrib, later called Medina, thus founding the first Muslim community. Under the second caliph, Umar, this key event in the history of Islam was chosen as the starting-point for the Muslim calendar.

Subjects: World History.

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