(1949– ), and
Finnish architects, in partnership from 1978. Their style is rooted in the traditions of Finnish and International Modernism. They achieved recognition with their competition-winning design for the Heureka Finnish Science Centre, Helsinki (1986–8), a complex composition of intersecting volumes which suggests themes of order and disorder. Their later works were realized in a more austere manner, including the European Film School, Ebeltoft, Denmark (1990–3), the Finnish Embassy, Massachusetts Avenue, Washington, DC, USA (1989–94— where the exterior maintains a strict rectilinear geometry, but the interior has angled planes and sweeping curved stairs), and the McDonald's Headquarters, Helsinki (1997).
Jodidio (1996 a);W. Morgan (ed.) (2000);Richard Weston