(b Düsseldorf, 13 Dec. 1797; d Paris, 17 Feb. 1856)
German poet and writer, whose story of the Wilis (contained in Geschichte der neuren schönen Literatur in Deutschland, 1833, French version De l'Allemagne, Paris, 1835) provided Gautier with the inspiration for his Giselle libretto (1841). Heine also wrote two of his own ballet librettos. Die Göttin Diana (1846) was offered to Lumley at Her Majesty's Theatre, while Der Doctor Faust (1847) was actually commissioned by Lumley. Neither project was realized, though some later Faust ballets made use of his libretto.