hedge schools

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penal laws

Amhlaoibh O Suilleabhain (1780—1838) poet and diarist

Catholic emancipation

Donncha Rua Mac Conmara (1715—1810) Irish-language poet


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Were so designated because, especially in the early 18th century, when the prohibition against Catholic schools and teachers was stringently enforced (see penal laws), the masters taught their pupils clandestinely ...

Subjects: Literature — European History.

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