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‘sixth‐parters’, a class of peasants in Attica before Solon. Exactly what they were and what Solon did for them is much disputed. They had to hand over to the rich one‐sixth of the produce of the land they worked for them, on penalty of enslavement for themselves and their families, and this obligation was signalled by markers of wood or stone; Solon abolished the status and uprooted the markers, thus ‘freeing the black earth’ as he put it.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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