The name by which the Greeks called, and still call, themselves. Originally it and the territorial name ‘Hellas’ appear to have been confined to an area south of the river Spercheios, near Thermopylae. In Homer the Greeks are called ‘Achaeans’, ‘Argives’, or ‘Danai’, but ‘Panhellenes’ (see panhellenism) appear under Aias 2, the Locrian hero, and ‘Hellenes’ under Achilles, whose home was the Spercheios valley. Similarly, ‘Hellas’ is a district in Achilles' kingdom.
Subjects: Classical Studies.