Meetings at Helsinki and later Geneva, attended by leaders of 35 nations representing the entire membership of NATO, the Warsaw Pact, and the non-aligned countries, at which the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) was launched (1975). The conference produced the Helsinki Final Act containing a list of agreements concerning political freedom, mutual cooperation, and human rights; it can be considered the major achievement of détente. The 34 heads of state also adopted the Charter of Paris for a New Europe. In 1992 the CSCE decided to create its own armed peacekeeping force; it was renamed the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and now has 55 member states.
Subjects: World History — Contemporary History (Post 1945).