Archibald Henderson


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(1783–1859) commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps, born in Colchester, Virginia. Henderson was commandant from 1820 until his death. During his long tenure he sought to preserve the corps's existence by giving it a legitimate operational mission and by integrating its headquarters within the Washington community. The first he achieved by having its role and mission codified in legislation; the second he achieved through the institution of free, public parades, reviews, and band concerts, which continue to this day. Henderson did not support an amphibious role for the marines, stressing instead their role aboard ship. Before becoming commandant, Henderson had distinguished himself in battle during the War of 1812, for which he received a Silver Medal from Congress.


From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

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