Augustine Henry

(1857—1930) botanical collector and dendrologist

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Ernest Henry Wilson (1876—1930) plant collector and writer


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(1857–1930), Irish plant collector and dendrologist from County Derry who received his medical degree from Edinburgh, joining the Imperial Chinese Customs Service in 1881 and remaining in China for twenty years. Here he explored in the provinces of Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan, and the islands of Hai-nan and Taiwan, sending back to Britain 158,000 herbarium specimens representing over 6,000 species (some 20% of the known Chinese flora). It was he who directed the young Ernest Wilson to where he might find the tree Davidia involucrata. On his return to Europe in 1900 he and Henry Elwes (1846–1922) wrote the classic seven-volume monograph The Trees of Great Britain and Ireland and in 1913 Henry became the first professor of forestry at University College, Dublin. Amongst the many trees and plants bearing his name are Acer henryi, Lilium henryi, and Cypripedium henryi, also a Chinese deer, Kemas henryanus.

From The Oxford Companion to the Garden in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Lifestyle, Home, and Garden.