(b Breslau, 1850; d Aviemore, Scotland, 1934). Eng. baritone, pianist, conductor, and composer of Ger. birth (Brit. cit. 1890). Public début as pianist, Berlin 1862. Leipzig Cons. 1867–70; Berlin Royal Cons. 1870–4. Sang Hans Sachs in concert perf. of Die Meistersinger, Munich 1868. In 1875 sang in Bach's St Matthew Passion, cond. by Brahms, of whom he became close friend. London début 1877. First cond. Boston SO 1881–4. Prof. of singing, RCM 1886–8 and Inst. of Mus. Art, NY, 1905–8. Cond., London Symphony Concerts 1886–96. Cond. Scottish Orch. 1891–5. Acc. himself as singer. Continued to broadcast and record until past 70. Comp. 3 operas, str. qt., choral works, songs, etc. Knighted 1914.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.