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Syracusan statesman and general; see syracuse. At the peace conference at Gela (424 bc) he alerted the Sicilian Greeks, and at Syracuse (418–416) his fellow citizens, to the threat posed to their liberty by Athens. He played a prominent part in the defeat of the Athenian expedition as adviser (415), general plenipotentiary (414), and as adviser to the Spartan commander Gylippus (413). Sent as admiral to Asia (412), he was exiled in absentia by the democracy, after the battle of Cyzicus (410). Provided with funds by Pharnabazus, he returned to Sicily (409), and with a private army ravaged the Carthaginian province. Refused an amnesty in 408, he attempted to seize Syracuse with the aid of partisans inside the city (including Dionysius 1 I ) and was killed. He was praised as a patriot by Thucydides (2).

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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