Antipas Herod

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Following the will left by his father Herod 1, was appointed by Augustus tetrarch of Galilee (where he rebuilt the city of Sepphoris and founded Tiberias) and of Peraea, a non‐adjacent territory across the Jordan. Both John the Baptist and Jesus were active in Antipas' territory. John was imprisoned as a troublemaker in the fortress of Machaerus and then executed (perhaps at the instigation of Salome, daughter of his niece and second wife). Luke has Pontius Pilatus trying unsuccessfully to transfer to Antipas, who happened to be in Jerusalem, the responsibility for trying Jesus.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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