(b Frankfurt, 1872; d San Francisco, 1942). Ger.-born Amer. conductor. Début Halle 1891. Held various cond. posts in Ger.; in 1902 went to USA (becoming Amer. cit.). Cond. of Ger. opera at NY Met 1902–15, during which time he cond. f. stage p. of Parsifal outside Bayreuth in 1903, thereby infringing Bayreuth copyright and ensuring that no Ger. opera house again employed him. Cond. first Amer. perfs. of Salome (1907) and Der Rosenkavalier (1913) and f.p. of several Amer. operas. Cond. CG 1910. Cond. S. Francisco SO 1915–29. Founded summer concerts at Hollywood Bowl in 1922 and cond. over 100 concerts there.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.