as vice‐chamberlain exercised great influence over Queen Caroline. He was a close friend of Lady M. W. Montagu. He was satirized by Pope in various works from 1732 onwards, at first with mildness, as ‘Lord Fanny’, an idle versifier, and then with increasing bitterness in The Dunciad and as ‘Sporus’ in the Epistle to Dr Arbuthnot (‘this painted child of dirt, that stinks and stinks’). His Memoirs of the Reign of George II (first pub. 1848) gave a vivid satirical picture of the court.