(b. 5 Apr 1934).
President of of Germany 1994–9 Born in Landshut (Bavaria), Herzog studied law and became an academic, and was given a chair in jurisprudence in 1965. An active Protestant, he joined the CDU in 1970 and moved to the Rhineland Palatinate, where he became a close ally of the state's Minister President, Kohl. He became a minister of the Rhineland Palatinate and then of Baden Württemberg, and in 1983 Kohl nominated him to Germany's supreme court, the Federal Constitutional Court. He became its President in 1987. As German President, Herzog confounded concerns that he might be too right‐wing by speaking out for atonement for the German past and the better integration of the Eastern states. Perhaps his greatest achievement came in 2000, when, as Chair of the first European Convention, he oversaw the successful acceptance of the Charter of Fundamental Rights. This success led directly to a greater acceptance of the Convention model for reaching complex decisions in the EU, and the creation of the European Constitutional Convention.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).