(1839–1915) Marine Corps commandant (1891–1903), born in Waterville, Maine. Heywood pushed a reform agenda, including increasing the size of the corps, raising officer standards, and redefining the marine mission. While continuing to fight for the traditional marine roles on board ship, Heywood oversaw the establishment of and transition to a new mission: the marines as a landing force to establish advanced bases for the fleet. This mission was first accomplished at the capture of Guantánamo during the Spanish-American War (1898).
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.