American Quaker. He took up the cause of the negroes. He opposed the creation of any credal basis for Quakerism, notably in his Doctrinal Epistle (1824), in which he protested against insistence on the orthodox doctrines of the Person of Christ and the Atonement. A schism ensued (1827–8) at Philadelphia and elsewhere between his followers (the ‘Liberal Branch’ or ‘Hicksites’) and the orthodox.
Subjects: Christianity — Literature.