high altitude disease

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Syn: altitude sickness and mountain sickness. Acute high altitude disease affects people who are physiologically adapted to life at sea level or relatively low altitude when they ascend rapidly to altitudes above 2,500 to 3,000 meters, caused by hypoxia and electrolyte imbalance, with various combinations of cardiovascular, respiratory, neurological, gastrointestinal, and musculoskeletal symptoms, potentially fatal in persons with impaired respiratory or cardiovascular function, but usually subsiding within a few days as the body adapts to reduced atmospheric pressure and oxygen concentration.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

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