Any industry concerned with advanced technology, such as biotechnology, computers and microprocessors, fibre optics, aerospace, electronics-telecommunication, and pharmaceuticals (Fischer et al. (2005) Geog. Analys. 38, 3). In theory such industries are footloose, since the products have a high value to weight ratio. Bernstein and Nadiri (1988) Am. Econ. Rev. 78 find that new technological knowledge complements R&D in high-technology industries. Florida (2002) J. Econ. Geog. 2 finds a significant, positive correlation between his ‘bohemian index’ and concentrations of high-tech industry. James (2008) Geog. Compass 3 has an interesting paper on the gendered geographies of high-tech economies.
Subjects: Archaeology — Earth Sciences and Geography.