(b Bemersheim, 1098; d Rupertsberg, 1179).
Ger. abbess, mystic, and writer. Took veil at 15. Became superior at Benedictine monastery of Disibodenberg 1136. c.1147 founded monastery on the Rupertsberg, near Bingen, Rhine Valley. Wrote lyrical poetry from 1140, setting it to her own mus., much of it of strong individuality and complexity. She collected it together in 1150s under title Symphonia armonie celestium revelationum. Her morality play, Ordo Virtutum, a kind of pre‐opera, representing the struggle for the soul between 16 virtues and the devil, contains 82 melodies. Edn. of her mus., ed. by J. Gmelch, pubd. Düsseldorf 1913.