(b Idstein im Taunus, 9 May 1831; d Sachsenberg bei Schwerin, 12 Jan 1893). German baritone. He studied in Frankfurt, making his début in 1868 as Jacob (E. -N. Méhul's Joseph) at Schwerin, where he was engaged until 1890. He sang Alberich in the first Ring cycle, at Bayreuth in 1876, and Klingsor in the first performance of Parsifal (1882). His repertory included the Dutchman and Hans Sachs as well as W. A. Mozart's Count Almaviva, Don Giovanni and Leporello. Signs of insanity forced him to retire from the opera house.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.