On the north coast of Sicily, was founded c.649 bc by the Zanclaeans (see messana). Stesichorus was its most famous citizen. In the early 5th cent. it was controlled by a tyrant Terillus who, on his expulsion by Theron of Acragas, appealed to Carthage. The Carthaginian expedition was decisively defeated at Himera (480), where a fine Doric temple in the lower town celebrated the triumph of Gelon and Theron. On the plateau above, a sanctuary with three temples has been excavated. Himera was razed by Carthage in 409 as an act of revenge.
Subjects: Classical Studies — Architecture.