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Hincmar

(c. 806—882)


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(c.806–82),

Abp. of Reims from 845. He opposed Lothair, King of Lorraine, when he wanted to divorce his wife, and he strove to defend his metropolitan rights both against his own bishops and against the Pope. After Lothair's death (869) he crowned Charles the Bald at Metz, despite Papal objections.

Though not a speculative theologian, Hincmar took a prominent part in the controversy with Gottschalk on predestination. He himself wrote against Gottschalk and he called upon John Scottus Erigena for help. Another dispute with Gottschalk and Ratramnus arose when Hincmar changed the words ‘Trina Deitas’ in one of the Vespers hymns to ‘Summa Deitas’, because he suspected the former phrase of tritheism. He was among the first writers to know of the False Decretals, which were a product of the early years of his archiepiscopate.

Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).


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