(b Los Angeles, 1921; d NY, 2003). Amer. bass and composer. Début S. Francisco 1941 (Monterone in Rigoletto). Won Caruso Award and NY Met début 1946. Eur. début (Edinburgh Fest.) 1953; Bayreuth 1958. Sang Boris in Russian at Bolshoy, 1962, and later in Leningrad, and in orig. vers. at Met 1975. Wrote opera I am the Way, on life of Christ, Philadelphia 1969. Autobiography This is my Story, This is my Song (NJ 1968) and wrote Great Singers on Great Singing (London 1982).
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.