(c. 60—9 bc)

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Foremost teacher in Palestine in the first century bce. Together with Shammai, Hillel is mentioned in the first chapter of Ethics of the Fathers as the last of the ‘Pairs’ (see ZUGOT), the five sets of two spiritual heads in succession until the leadership of the people was in the hands of Hillel's descendants, of the house of Rabban Gamaliel. A number of Hillel's descendants were also named Hillel, of whom the best-known is the fourth-century Hillel to whom is attributed the fixing of the calendar.

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.

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