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A Japanese city in southern Honshu. During World War II, it had remained undamaged by the US bombing campaign of 1944–5. The site of extensive armaments industries was chosen as the target for the first atomic bomb attack on 6 August 1945. This resulted in the virtual obliteration of the city centre, some 80,000 immediate deaths, with another 60,000 dying within a year. Radiation effects continued for decades. The attack, together with that on Nagasaki, led to Japan's unconditional surrender and the end of World War II.Manhattan Project; nuclear bomb

Manhattan Project; nuclear bomb

Subjects: Military History.

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