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A Japanese Moon probe, known as Muses-A before its launch in 1990 January. It went into a highly elliptical orbit around the Earth from which it released a smaller craft, Hagoromo, into lunar orbit in 1990 March, although no results were received because of a transmitter failure. Hiten itself was put into orbit around the Moon in 1993 February. It was the first Moon probe not launched by the USA or the former Soviet Union. Hiten was intentionally crashed into the Moon in 1993 April.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

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