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Adolf Hitler (1889—1945)

Erich Ludendorff (1865—1937) German general


Benito Mussolini (1883—1945) Italian Fascist statesman, Prime Minister 1922–43

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(8– 9 Nov. 1923)

An abortive coup attempt by Hitler. With the support of Ludendorff, he tried to seize power in the Bavarian capital of Munich as a prelude to a March on Berlin akin to Mussolini's March on Rome. After initial hesitation, the Bavarian government ordered police to suppress the coup attempt, and sixteen people died. In the ensuing trials Ludendorff was acquitted, and Hitler was sentenced to five years' imprisonment, though he was released after nine months.

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