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Negative Quranic term meaning “faction,” though used twice (5:56 and 58:22) with approbation. In modern usage, refers to political parties. The reluctance in Islamic countries to accept the notion of political parties is due to the inherent implications of divisiveness and competition rather than national unity. The term jamiyyah (organization, association) is typically preferred.

See also Jamiyyah

Subjects: Islam.

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