Ḥizb al-Nahḍah

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Renaissance Party. One of the most active and largest of the Islamist movements in Tunisia. Founded by Rashid al-Ghannoushi, a Tunis university professor and lawyer, and Abd al-Fattah Muru in 1981 as the Islamic Tendency Movement (Mouvement de la Tendance Islamique, MTI); renamed in 1988 when the government forbade the word Islam in the names of political parties. Its platform called for reconstruction of economic life on a more equitable basis, an end to single-party politics, acceptance of political pluralism and democracy, and a return to Islamic moral and religious values. The Tunisian government refused to recognize the party, and by early 1993 it had diminished in popular power.

Subjects: Islam.

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