Islamic Liberation Party. Founded in Jerusalem in 1953 by Taqi al-Din al-Nabhani and former Muslim Brothers to revive the Islamic nation and purge it of vestiges of colonialism. Upholds the classical model of the caliphate and its accompanying traditional institutions as the only authentic form of Islamic government. Seeks implementation of traditional Islamic law. Enjoyed modest successes in Jordan and the West Bank until its suppression in 1957. Attempted coups d'etat in Amman (1968 and 1969), Baghdad (1972), Cairo (1974), and Damascus (1976). Focuses exclusively on political and intellectual spheres. Has no social, religious, or educational projects.